Monday, December 06, 2021

Sam the Eagle and Conflating Love for God & Country

Yesterday, I posted about Christian nationalism using a clip from Walt Disney World's Muppets 4-D.

Sam the Eagle makes me laugh. But Christians buying into “America is God’s chosen nation” are not funny. ‘Christian Nationalism’ is a grim joke that ignores and/or willfully misinterprets Scripture. 

So Peter opened his mouth and said: “Truly I understand that God shows no partiality, but in every nation anyone who fears him and does what is right is acceptable to him.”
Acts 10:34-35 ESV

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him.
John 3:16-17 ESV

Patrick Chovanec did a
much better job of actually making a coherent and thoughtful argument on Twitter... and I'm simply copying his work here so you can read it. It's that good. (And if nothing else, read the part I put in bold.)
It’s entirely tenable to love God and love your country, at the same time. That’s natural. What’s dangerous is conflating these loves and seeing them as the same unified, unconflicted thing,

The first danger, that many replies speak to, is that of religiously codifying the idea that it's ok to love some people at the expense of others. Of course it's natural to have special responsibilities and attachments to some people. But God also challenges us to do more.

Another danger is that of framing our love of country in religious terms - not to mention sectarian terms - as an expression of our religious faith. It opens the door to theocracy and fanaticism, as well as the exclusion of people of other faiths from the national community.

You can be a Christian and also a Patriot, of any nation. But you must always recognize that there may come moments where they conflict and pull you in different directions, in life-defining ways.

The problem with Christian Nationalism, for Christians, is that it too readily affirms us without questioning us. It sanctifies our preferences and even our prejudices, and asks us to be nothing beyond what we already are, tribal members in good standing.

The danger is rarely going off and overtly worshipping other gods. It's finding other gods and conflating them with God, and believing that by serving one you worship the other.

My critique of nationalism, as distinct from patriotism, is somewhat different, but related. Nationalism, as I see it, prioritizes the group as more important and meaningful than the individual. It demands and even enforces conformity to a certain idea of the group. The individual must bow to the group, and even be sacrificed. Patriotism, as I see it, allows for a broader range of visions and responses. The individual, motivated by love, contributes to the group without necessarily being fully defined by it.

When nationalism is compounded by religious identity and conflated with religious faith, the potential dangers it poses become that much more potent.

Nationalists will often argue as if critics reject the nation state. This is a red herring. It's entirely possible to recognize the utility of the nation state as a form of political organization, and balk at the idea that it supersedes all other values.

"That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men". These words imply a quite different relationship, in which states exist to serve people, rather than people to serve states.

I think we see these things better when we take them outside our own national context and apply them to other countries, including our adversaries.  It is natural for a person in China to love China. But it is very different for them to be subordinated to some idea of China. It is natural for a German to love Germany. But we know this love was perverted to perform unspeakable evils, without question.

If you think your own loves - of self, friends, family, country - cannot be perverted into doing wrong, you are fooling yourself. Our religious faith should always be a check on that, not a facilitator or conduit for it.

I Would Play 100 Times... And I Would Play 100 More (updated)

So... Facebook reminded me this morning that the original version of this post was 12 years old. I figured it was the perfect time to dust it off and update it for late 2021.

The Proclaimers are referenced here because (a) they're cool, (b) they make a lovely musical soundtrack for reading my blog, (c) the song reminds me of how much I love my wife, and (d) it inspired the title of this post. (As a special treat, I've linked to the video of this wonderful song at the bottom of the post!)

Twelve years ago, I taught Braeden to play Carcassonne... and when I entered the play into my database at the Geek, I realized that it was my 100th game of Carc. That got me wondering - what other games had I played that many times?

I noted that "the list is smaller than you'd think, based on my life long obsession with board games, but I've only been tracking game play since the middle of 1998 in an over-the-top OCD-ish spreadsheet kind of way." The list included:

  • Race for the Galaxy
  • StreetSoccer
  • Lost Cities
  • Catan
  • Carcassonne
And two "almost 100" games:
  • Can't Stop
  • Memoir '44
In the intervening 12 years, things have changed a bit - in other words, we've gone from 5 to 14 different games that I've played 100 times.
  • Race for the Galaxy - 477 plays
    • And that doesn't count the 1000+ plays of against Keldon's AI on PC for years and now on the excellent Race for the Galaxy iPad app.
  • Memoir '44 - 210 plays
    • My sons have been my main opponents over the years... but there's been a whole lot of Overlord games as well.
  • Summoner Wars (1st edition) - 208 plays
    • Again, head to head battles with my sons... and yes, I have played the 2nd edition and it's very good.
  • StreetSoccer - 178 plays
    • Still one of my favorite quick two-player games.
  • Can't Stop - 169 plays
    • A family favorite... we actually own two copies of this because Shari used to use it in her classroom when she taught junior high math.
  • Catan - 149 plays
    • This doesn't count all of the stand-alone Catan games... if I add in those, it's actually 191.
  • Star Realms - 145 plays
    • Again, this doesn't count innumerable plays against the very well-made app.
  • Ticket to Ride - 143 plays
    • And this doesn't count the small box Ticket to Ride games, which would add another 20 to the total.
  • Lost Cities - 134 plays
    • Another great two-player game.
  • DC Comics Deck-Building Game - 131 plays
    • Both my sons and my long-time regular gaming group love this game.
  • Fast Food Franchise - 115 plays
    • We keep introducing our lovingly beat-up copy to new folks... and they keep asking where they can find their own copy. And then I have to talk about the sadness of OOP games.
  • Heroscape - 114 plays
    • In 2013, I moved away from my perfect Heroscape game room... or this number would be a LOT bigger.
  • Sentinels of the Multiverse - 112 plays
    • Another favorite of my sons... and my game group. Our last battle against Grand Warlord Voss took place over Thanksgiving weekend.
  • Carcassonne - 104 plays
    • I've slowed way down - but it's still a really good game.
Honorable mentions (aka "close to 100")...
  • 7 Wonders - 97 plays
  • The City - 96 plays
  • Unmatched: Battle of Legends - 93 plays
  • Fill or Bust - 92 plays
  • Jump Drive - 92 plays

Friday, October 29, 2021

The Meeple's Choice Awards - 2020 Edition

Yesterday, I wrote about my participation in the International Gamers Awards committee... today, I'll share with you the other board game award in which I've voted in for years - the Meeple's Choice Awards. (Yes, it's a horrible pun. I've learned to live with it.)

The MCA began as a part of Spielfrieks, an online board game discussion group. Over time, the group went backwards to award MCA recognition as far back as 1995 (the beginning of the "German Invasion" of new board games designs). I've taken part - I think - in every one of the MCA votes.
More recently, the MCA has been "flying solo" as the Spielfrieks group is no longer active. It's still an interesting award that does a good job of recognizing middle- and heavy-weight game designs.


Beyond the Sun
designed by Daniel Chan
published by Rio Grande Games

Lost Ruins of Arnak
designed by Elwin & Mín Štach
published by Czech Games Edition

Dune: Imperium
designed by Paul Dennen
published by Dire Wolf

My Thoughts on the Winners

Beyond the Sun

I've only played once (on BGA)... but I can see why folks who like the tech tree style of game enjoy it as much as they do. It's got some clever bits and a nice balance between zigging when everyone else is zagging & letting others blaze a trail for you to follow at higher speed. Of the three games, it's probably the least thematically strong.

Lost Ruins of Arnak

Dripping with theme and gorgeous artwork… filled with Euro-y decisions… no direct conflict but plenty of chances to beat someone to a good location… plays quickly and cleanly… multiple ways to pursue victory… what’s not to love? (Oh, did I mention there’s a second more difficult board on the back of the main board… and a great solo mode?!) This was my #1 new (to me!) game of 2020. (And, yes, this is the identical blurb that I wrote for the IGA awards post yesterday.)

Dune: Imperium

Blending the worker placement elements of games like Champions of Midgard or Lords of Waterdeep with a robust deck-building game AND an end of round battle for goodies (not dissimilar to Arctic Scavengers) makes for a really enjoyable game design. When you add in a classy (if abstracted) use of the Dune theme/characters as well as an impressive solo mode, you've really got something. (I highly recommend the Dire Wolf app for solo & 2 player play... and I know that they've got new modes for the game on the app that I haven't even explored yet!) 


Similar to the IGA, I think we managed to pick three really solid games... all of which I'd be happy to play and two of which I already own. It's been a good year for gaming awards!

I will note that what will be my #1 game of the year (barring a dark horse appearing in the next two months) - Imperium Classics/Legends - didn't even make it to the final rounds of the MCA, which is a crime.

What I Voted For (Just in Case You're Curious)

Preliminary Round:
  • CloudAge
  • Dune: Imperium
  • Hallertau
  • Lost Ruins of Arnak
  • Minigolf Designer
  • Pan Am
  • Super-Skill Pinball: 4-Cade
  • Undaunted: North Africa
  • Unmatched: Cobble & Fog
  • Warp's Edge
Final Round:
  • CloudAge
  • Dune: Imperium
  • Lost Ruins of Arnak

I received a review copies of Lost Ruins of Arnak and Unmatched: Cobble & Fog. I was a playtester for Super-Skill Pinball: 4-Cade.

The meeples pictured at the top of the page are from the good folks at MeepleSource... who don't just do cool custom meeples but are also fun people to play games with!

Thursday, October 28, 2021

The International Gamers Awards - 2021 Edition

Earlier this year, I was invited to join the International Gamers Award committee... which I quickly and happily accepted. While I haven't always agreed with the final choices of the IGA, I appreciate the wide variety of gamers involved and the successful attempt to create an award that honored games with some strategic/tactical heft. And now I'm part of the team!

There were major changes this year as we added a new category (solo games) and allowed games that were published as multiplayer games to be nominated for both the 2-player and solo categories. As I'm a big fan of solo gaming (you can read it about here!), I think that was an excellent choice.


Multiplayer award 2021
Lost Ruins of Arnak
designed by Elwin & Mín Štach
published by Czech Games Edition

Two-player award 2021
My City
designed by Reiner Knizia
published by Kosmos

Solo award 2021
Under Falling Skies
designed by Tomáš Uhlíř
published by Czech Games Edition

My Thoughts on the Winners

Lost Ruins of Arnak

Dripping with theme and gorgeous artwork… filled with Euro-y decisions… no direct conflict but plenty of chances to beat someone to a good location… plays quickly and cleanly… multiple ways to pursue victory… what’s not to love? (Oh, did I mention there’s a second more difficult board on the back of the main board… and a great solo mode?!) This was my #1 new (to me!) game of 2020.

My City

I didn't actually play this prior to the voting for the IGA... but my younger son & I are now six games into the legacy campaign and having a wonderful time with this Tetris-y city-builder where the rules keep changing with each play.

Under Falling Skies

A specifically designed solo game with enough in-game content to run two completely different campaigns... as well as introducing all kinds of thematic wrinkles to the solid gameplay of the original print'n'play design. For more details about the game, check out my review on the Opinionated Gamers site.


I think we managed to pick three really solid games... maybe not as heavy as some of the previous picks for the IGA (none of these, thankfully, are in the same category as Trajan or Age of Industry), but with well-built designs that offer interesting play choices and a variety of strategic and tactical options.

The Nominees

Multiplayer nominees:
  • Anno 1800
  • Beyond the Sun
  • Dune: Imperium
  • Hallertau
  • Lost Ruins of Arnak
  • Nidavellir
  • Paleo
  • Praga Caput Regni
Two-player nominees:
  • Botanik
  • Gloomhaven: Jaws of the Lion
  • Imperium: Classics/Legends
  • Jekyll vs. Hyde
  • Let's Make a Bus Route: The Dice Game
  • MicroMacro
  • My City
  • Undaunted: North Africa
Solo nominees:
  • Calico
  • Cantaloop: Book 1 - Breaking into Prison
  • Clever Cubed 
  • Hallertau
  • Imperium
  • MicroMacro
  • Sleeping Gods
  • Under Falling Skies

What I Voted For (Just in Case You're Curious)

Multiplayer award 2021
  1. Lost Ruins of Arnak
  2. Dune: Imperium
  3. Paleo
  4. Hallertau
  5. Beyond the Sun
  6. Nidavellir
Two-player award 2021
  1. Imperium: Classics/Legends
  2. Undaunted: North Africa
  3. Jekyll vs. Hyde
I think My City would have been #3 if I had an opportunity to play it prior to voting, but I did not.

Solo award 2021
    1. Imperium: Classics/Legends
    2. Hallertau
    3. Under Falling Skies
    If you would like to know more about the voting procedure, the IGA website outlines how it works.

    I received review copies of Lost Ruins of Arnak and Under Falling Skies.

    Tuesday, October 26, 2021

    Understanding "Evangelical"

    For a number of years, I've struggled with using the word "evangelical" to describe myself...
    The biggest problem, of course, is that the word "evangelical" to describe a religious/political viewpoint is a bad use of a good word.
    I am still an evangelical - though I believe that many of my "tribe" need to carefully examine the Scriptures to see where they have conflated it with nationalist leanings that run counter to Galatians 3:28 (Phillips): "Gone is the distinction between Jew and Greek, slave and free man, male and female—you are all one in Christ Jesus."
    Choosing Not To Die (2020)
    I am a conservative white evangelical - though, as many of you have read, not a supporter of the former President or the current lemming-like bent of the Republican Party. My prayer is that we who claim Christ would have "A Brand New Day" (sly reference to THE WIZ) where our primary loyalty is not to a political party, not to a media-driven narrative of fear; and not to a guy with a spray tan whose trail of failed marriages & businesses should have made clear (similar to the song he often quotes) what kind of snake we were electing. 
    Musical Theater, White Evangelicals & Politics (2021)
    So, when James Emery White recently published this series of deep-dive blog posts into the history & meaning of "evangelical", I immediately decided to share them with you, my faithful readers. Please follow the links and get more out of them than just the quote highlights that I'm sharing.

    I am deeply concerned that the true history of evangelicalism is being lost, and the way it is being currently perceived – particularly by those outside of the Christian faith – is both confusing and unhelpful to what historic evangelicalism has attempted to achieve missionally as a movement. And, as someone who has self-identified as an evangelical in the past (more on that later in the series), I am invested in its meaning.  
    The growing uneasiness of many Fundamentalists with the denominational separatism, social and cultural irresponsibility, and anti-intellectual stance that pervaded the years of controversy with the Modernists that would lead to the branching off and eventual formation of the movement known as contemporary American Evangelicalism.
    Understanding “Evangelical” Part Three: The Birth of Contemporary American Evangelicalism
    Rooted and shaped in the Reformation of the 16th century, the 18th century Evangelical Revivals and, most recently, in the controversy between Fundamentalists and Modernists, contemporary American Evangelicalism has a rich and varied history that has made definition problematic. It can be concluded from earlier installments in this series that contemporary American Evangelicalism has gained its theology from the Reformation, its spirituality and commitment to evangelism from 18th century revivalism, and its concern for orthodoxy and intellectual engagement from the clash between Fundamentalists and Modernists in the early part of the twentieth century.
    Evangelicalism is much more than a network. David Bebbington captured the heart of its moorings: conversionism, activism, biblicism and crucicentrism. Big words, but simple ideas. Conversionism is the belief that individual lives must be transformed. Activism is the conviction that we must not be passive when it comes to the Gospel, but active in our expression, proclamation and application. Biblicism captures our high regard of the Bible—we go to the Bible and then we go with the Bible. And crucicentrism is the emphasis on the sacrifice of Christ on the cross. “Together,” Bebbington concluded, we have “a quadrilateral of priorities [that form] the basis of Evangelicalism.” And, many would add, the basis of the Gospel.

    Yet as firmly as Evangelicalism stood on these core ideas (or tried to) it still felt as sociocultural as it did theological. As Marsden has noted, more like a patchwork quilt of like-minded institutions and movements, ministries and personalities, conferences and camps. In reality, both are true. It has the ideas Bebbington delineates and the relational dynamic Marsden points out.
    So I end this series wanting to say two things. First, I have been proud to consider myself a classic, historic Evangelical. And in that sense of the word, I continue to be. I only wish that the term, as understood and used in our world, was less political and more tied to those original moorings.

    Which leads to the second thing I want to say. If the term “Evangelical” increasingly means in the minds of our world a certain set of politics instead of a certain set of theological and spiritual convictions that transcend politics, then I will have to find a new identifying label.

    As in “biblical Christian who stands in the stream of historic Christian orthodoxy.”

    And who really liked Billy Graham.
    Like I said above, read it all.

    Monday, October 11, 2021

    If I Was Going to Essen...

    Technically, it's Spiele '21 - but I've called it Essen (after the city that hosts the huge gaming convention in Germany) since I was aware of its existence. 

    If you want really splendid coverage of the fair, Kulkmann's G@mebox has been doing bang-up reporting on Essen since 1997.

    But that's not what I'm posting - I'm simply giving you a list of the things I'd be looking for IF I was in Germany this week.

    • Lost Ruins of Arnak: Expedition Leaders
      • I need a copy for myself and one for my oldest son, who just bought his own copy of Arnak
    • Boonlake 
    • Great Western Trail (2nd edition)
      • Because I've become a bit of a Alexander Pfister nut over the last couple of years
    • Ark Nova
      • The theme intrigues me... I'm a big "build a zoo" game kind of guy, even though I'm not really an animal kind of guy.
    • Paleo: A New Beginning
      • Again, for the oldest son, who loves this game
    • CATAN: Zusatzmaterial für Das Duell – Bonus Box
      • I'm really wondering if this will ever show up in English - 'cuz I'm a big fan of The Rivals for Catan.
    • It's a Wonderful Kingdom
      • But just to look at it... my Kickstarter edition is slowly making its way toward me
    • The Siege of Runedar
      • The pictures and the pedigree (Knizia) are making me curious
    • Excavation Earth
    • Excavation Earth: Second Wave
      • I've been very impressed with David Turczi's work on Imperium: Classics/Legends... so I'm curious about this game he was a part of
    • Port Royal: Big Box
      • More Pfister... and it looks like the only way I'm going to ever get the last expansion to match my set
    • Explorers
      • I'm enjoying the solo app on my iPad a lot - couldn't hurt to have a physical copy
    Chances are good I'd find some other stuff to pack in my bags to bring home... ah, but I'm waiting for retirement before I make the pilgrimage. 

    Thursday, September 30, 2021

    What Part of "Wrong Way" Do You Not Understand?

    TUESDAY NIGHT (September 21st)

    I posted the following rant to Twitter & Facebook...
    "Woe (judgment is coming) to those who call evil good, and good evil; Who substitute darkness for light and light for darkness..." (Isaiah 5:20 AMP)
    So much anger at leaders who are more concerned with "protecting insurance" than finding truth & loving well.

    I am the SBC version of Paul in Philippians 3 - Mission Friends, graded choirs, Sunday School, RAs, youth group, surrendered to ministry at Centrifuge (at Glorieta, no less), graduated from Baylor & SWBTS, summer missionary with the HMB twice, served 5 different SBC churches as a youth pastor and lead pastor, planted a church, wrote for Lifeway... and still a strong supporter as a layperson of the SBC church I attend.

    And this is not what y'all taught me. This is not integrity & truth... this vote by the SBC Executive Committee is "the woman gave me the fruit" or "when I saw the men scattering" or "I threw it into the fire and out came this calf." 

    You have buried your talent in a hole, Executive Committee . Do not be surprised about what comes next.
    “I can’t stand your religious meetings.
    I’m fed up with your conferences and conventions.
    I want nothing to do with your religion projects,
    your pretentious slogans and goals.
    I’m sick of your fund-raising schemes,
    your public relations and image making."
    (Amos 5:21-22 MSG)
    "...let justice roll on like a river..."
    (Amos 5:24 NIV)
    “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint & dill & cumin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice & mercy & faithfulness." 
    (Matt 23:23 ESV)

    TUESDAY MORNING (September 28th)

    I sent this letter to SBC Executive Committee - and also posted it on Facebook & Twitter:

    My life has been profoundly shaped by my history as a Southern Baptist layperson and pastor. Funding through the Cooperative Program helped create the Centrifuge camp experience where I surrendered to vocational ministry, the two summers I spent with the Home Mission Board doing summer missions, and made my seminary education at SWBTS affordable. So many faithful Southern Baptist ministers and volunteers poured the love of Jesus and the truth of Scripture into my heart and mind... and I was privileged to serve six different SBC churches as pastor or youth pastor over the last 35+ years.

    The longer I served as a pastor and church planter, the more I realized how many people have been affected by sexual abuse... and how often those behaviors and choices were swept under the rug, particularly when they involved church staff members. Resignations for "personal reasons"; avoiding asking or answering difficult questions during reference checks; pressuring victims to keep quiet "to protect the church"... all in the name of the "kingdom of God". 

    Enough is enough. Our pious political games must end. We must be a people who do justice, and love kindness, and walk humbly with our God. (Micah 6:8) We must be a denomination who "give justice to the weak and the fatherless; maintain the right of the afflicted and the destitute, rescue the weak and the needy; [and] deliver them from the hand of the wicked" (Psalm 82:3-4 ESV). Words are not enough... "thoughts and prayers" and public offers of assistance are meaningless if they are not followed up with action (James 2:14-24).

    For the members of the Executive Committee, it is time to stop protecting insurance coverage and instead protecting survivors of abuse. It is past time for concern about the bottom line; instead, it is the right time to show godly compassion for those who have been harmed by the actions and inaction of the Executive Committee and its staff. The clear will of the messengers - the sole member of the Executive Committee - is for full transparency and the waiving of attorney/client privilege for Guidestone's investigation. Anything less speaks volumes about the EC's institutional disdain for SBC polity and rightly invites those who question the gospel to hold up such behavior as "corporate" and un-Christlike.

    "...let justice flow like water,
    and righteousness, like an unfailing stream." 
    Amos 5:24 HCSB

    I am praying for wisdom, for compassion, for justice, and for truth. May righteousness prevail over good business practice.

    in Christ,
    Mark Jackson

    TUESDAY EVENING (September 28th)

    Yet another Facebook post following the insanity...

    This article from Baptist News does a good job of summarizing the basics... but it leaves out one Southern Baptist Convention Executive Committee member complaining that the question "what is a little girl worth?" is "emotional blackmail" - and another EC member declaring that "They [the messengers] do not have the power to tell us to do anything. The Convention appointed us." 

    Some salient observations from Tuesday evening...
    "Y'all, I don't know. After the meeting tonight, I'm beginning to think @drmoore probably wasn't lying when he said he got resistance from the SBC Executive Committee in dealing with sexual abuse..." (the sarcasm is clear when you see the GIF he posted this with)
    Aaron P Swain (pastor)
    "Y'all, the tone deafness of everyone's busy schedule while people have been dealing with this for years and years is absolutely way too much. @SBCExecComm - I'm sorry to inconvenience you with the sin of those you're supposed to be holding accountable." (This is in response to complaints about the five hour long dumpster fire of an online Executive Committee meeting going on so long.)
    Jennifer Lyell (survivor)
    "If the @SBCExecComm cannot even agree to a special master process then what they are saying is NOT that they have fiduciary concerns, but that they are unwilling to allow themselves to be investigated without being able to control the outcome of the investigation."
    "The emperors have no clothes... and are demanding that we put blindfolds on. 
    This is not justice; this is not righteousness (Amos 5:24). This is David telling Joab to send Uriah to the front lines to cover up his sin (2 Samuel 11)."
    Mark Jackson (aka me)
    "When it would have broken our polity to prevent slaveholders from being missionaries, we insisted upon the rights of the churches.
    When it would have broken our polity to support Southern Baptists in favor of integration and oppose Southern Baptists in favor of segregation, we insisted upon the rights of the churches.
    When it would have greatly hastened our battle for biblical inerrancy, we followed our polity and worked through the will of the messengers.
    And when it was a reason to do less in defense of the abused, we stuck to our polity, which the @SBCExecComm articulated more than once.
    I would rise to the defense of our polity in any situation, but it will be a lasting disgrace, a stain that will not be erased in generations, that, having refused to violate our polity to do good things, we finally trampled it underfoot to facilitate a coverup of wickedness."

    Saturday, September 11, 2021

    Classic: A Provocative Email

    I originally wrote this as part of my church newsletter on September 25th, 2001.

    It was the weekend after the horrific events of 11 Sept 2001... in fact, it was Saturday night. I was "putting the sermon to bed". ("Putting the paper to bed" is an old newspaper term - meaning "stop working on it and publish it".)

    And then I got this e-mail from an atheist friend. He'd sent me a link to a story about the statements made by Jerry Falwell & Pat Robertson on the 700 Club a couple of days after the terrorist attacks... and he'd added the following comment.
    My first reaction was to send this to my secular friends as an example of "Christian Love". And then, instead, I decided to forward it to somewhere it might do some good - to a pastor whom I have great respect for. I hope that within your church, and through your greater church organization, you will denounce and distinguish yourself from these officers of the Western version of the Taliban. These snakes must be censured by Christians if the religion is to be kept clean, just as we expect Islamic Americans to denounce the violence done in the name of their religion.
    And so, challenged by his 'faith' in me and sickened myself by the remarks that had been made, I attempted to respond.
    I wish Disney Corporation would build a REAL new amusement park in the States (like the almost-open Tokyo DisneySeas) rather than the cheap "good enough for Six Flags" California Adventure. I wish all of the games on my search list (held by Manu) would be found and shipped to me. I wish someone would give me enough money to pay off my mortgage and buy a new car. I have a lot of wishes.

    I wish people who should know better would learn to keep their mouths shut... to follow the teachings of Scripture and be "slow to speak, quick to listen, slow to anger". But, over time, I've come to expect little more than this from the vast majority of tele-evangelists and Christian media types... Neil Postman was DEAD ON in his incredible book, Amusing Ourselves To Death, when he suggested that religion is profoundly changed by being broadcast on TV.

    First, let me apologize to you for those who share my basic faith (in the need for a personal relationship with God through the sacrificial death & resurrection of Jesus Christ) yet still manage to make mincemeat of the truth when you point a camera at them. While I agree that certain behaviors and worldviews attacked by these two are not biblical, I would quickly point out that God could just as easily "lift the curtain of protection" (sigh) for religious hypocrisy or profiteering off faith as abortion or pagan religious beliefs. (Jesus saved his most blistering attacks for those who abused their spiritual leadership.)

    Second, I need to point out that the views you've heard expressed by these two (and are being expressed by others) are not necessarily the Christian mainstream, any more than the Taliban or the terrorist organizations speak for all of Islam. In a peculiar blending of scriptural interpretation and "my country - right or wrong" patriotism, they have assumed the promises given to the Jewish people in the Old Testament directly apply to the United States because of it's "Christian" origins. [Never mind that: a. the Jewish people took it in the teeth a number of times in the O.T. even with those promises in place, and b. that America's origins may have some routes in Christian belief, but also include healthy doses of Deism, rationalism, and pure, unadulterated greed.] As you can probably guess, I don't share their viewpoint.

    Third, I hope you'll be heartened to know that my sermon/teaching tomorrow morning will be focusing on the scriptural concepts of "overcoming evil with good", "in your anger, do not sin", and "in Christ, there is no Jew or Greek" - as I attempt to lay out some solidly 'Christian' reactions to the horror of these attacks. One of my greatest fears right now is not lousy theology (there always seems to be plenty of that around) but racism in the name of patriotism.

    Fourth, there have already been a number of folks in Christendom who've taken Robertson & Falwell to task for their grandstanding during this time of crisis. I had actually read of their remarks on Christianity Today's website Friday, who took a decidedly dim view of their tomfoolery.

    Fifth, I take issue with your equating two televangelists with the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. While they are irritating and often maddening, they have not recently taken over a country and instituted Sha'riah (sp?) law. (Yes, I understand that many of the legal changes they would like to see would be stifling... but what they long for is an idealized view of the 1950's in the suburbs/South as much as a "Christian" nation.) I understand your anger - but think your metaphor is inflated.

    Sixth, thank you for paying me the compliment of forwarding this story to me. As always, I appreciate your friendship and the intellectual challenge of our conversations. If you would not mind, I'd like to use your original note to me and my response as a base for my e-mail newsletter to my church this next week.

    yours in Christ,

    Within 24 hours, he answered... with permission to do this article and a couple of other interesting comments.
    ME: "I need to point out that the views you've heard expressed by these two (and are being expressed by others) are not necessarily the Christian mainstream..."
    Well, this is an interesting distinction. Unmistakably they do not speak for all Christians. However, through their visibility, they can easily come across, rightly or wrongly, as representing the mainstream. I truly don't know what goes on out there, and unfortunately, much of my knowledge of American Christianity (as a practice, not as a theology) comes from the media, which is to say, from those who speak the loudest. So I imagine it must be an especial burden for someone like yourself to see your religion so profoundly misrepresented.

    And this is why I believe it is so important for you to *actively* distance yourself, and for more Christian churches to come down hard against these people. If the Falwells of the world are the ones who put a face on Christianity, then this is the face that people will see. 
    Additionally, I am sure that many in your congregation listen to these shows. If someone like yourself does not take a stand, then there will be those in your congregation who come to believe that the ideas expressed by Falwell do indeed represent Christianity.
    And that was that... except that the news went a different direction in the days that followed and one of my friend's comments became even more interesting in light of it.

    The Rest of the Story

    In the next couple of days, both Jerry Falwell and Pat Robertson issued statements.

    Pat Robertson first supported the remarks made by Falwell, both on the telecast with comments like "I totally concur" & "Amen" and in statements issued to AP: "In no way has any guest on my program suggested that anyone other than the Middle East terrorists were responsible for the tragic events that took place on Tuesday. I again emphasize that there are organizations within the United States which have labored unceasingly to strip religious values from our public square, and in the process, to take away the mantle of divine protection which our nation has enjoyed ever since the days of its founding."

    And then, there was an about-face. In his final press release on the comments, he castigated Falwell for uttering "a political statement of blame directed at certain segments of the population that was severe and harsh in tone, and, frankly, not fully understood by the three hosts of The 700 Club who were watching Rev. Falwell on a monitor." He then told Fox News that he considered the remarks "totally inappropriate."

    Meanwhile, Jerry Falwell was doing some back-pedaling of his own. His first statement was as follows: "I sincerely regret that comments I made during a theological discussion on a Christian television program were taken out of their context and reported, and that my thoughts - reduced to sound bites - have detracted from the spirit of this time of mourning... My mistake on the 700 Club was doing this at the time I did it, on television, where a secular media and audience were also listening. And as I enumerated the sins of an unbelieving culture, because of very limited time on the 700 Club, I failed to point the finger at a sleeping, prayerless and carnal church. We believers must also acknowledge our sins, repent, and fast and pray for national revival."

    I can't pretend to know what happened next or what motivated Falwell's actions... but this is where things got really interesting from a Christian perspective. Jerry Falwell issued a second statement a day later. What follows is part of the AP News story.
    RICHMOND, Va. (AP) - The Rev. Jerry Falwell apologized Monday for saying God had allowed terrorists to attack America because of the work of civil liberties groups, abortion rights supporters and feminists. Falwell said his comments were ill-timed, insensitive and divisive at a time of national mourning. President Bush had called the minister's statement inappropriate.

    "In the midst of the shock and mourning of a dark week for America, I made a statement that I should not have made and which I sincerely regret,'' Falwell said. "I want to apologize to every American, including those I named. When I talked about God lifting the curtain of protection on our nation, I should have made it very clear that no one on this earth knows whether or not that occurred or did not occur." He said if the destruction was a judgment from God it was a judgment on all sinners, including himself.

    Falwell told The Associated Press that no one from the evangelical community or the White House pressured him to apologize. However, he said a White House representative called him Friday while he was driving to the National Cathedral memorial service in Washington, and told him the president disapproved. Falwell said he told the White House that he also felt he had misspoken.


    Now that all the dust has cleared (and, btw, that's the main reason for waiting to write this up - it's way too easy to write/say something that quickly becomes outdated by current events with a situation like this)... so what? Why spend this much bandwidth on what is essentially a two-week old news story?

    For me, it's my friend's comment:
    If the Falwells of the world are the ones who put a face on Christianity, then this is the face that people will see.
    I agreed with him completely that Saturday night as my outrage against anyone claiming to speak for God ("THIS is the reason 4,000 people died" - blech!) burned white-hot.

    And I agree with him now, as I've watched a very public religious figure, a lightening rod for controversy and ridicule, very publicly apologize for what he said. While I don't always agree with Jerry Falwell, I'm thankful that a major part of this story is his saying "I was wrong." In doing that, he's putting "a face on Christianity" that shows humility, teachability, and an absence of pride.

    There's a number of ways to still be cynical about this: "He just did it to get people off his back" or "He didn't mean it" or... well, the list could go on and on. Honestly, the spirit of his apology and what it means is for Jerry to take up with God - as people who claim to follow Jesus, we can simply accept it at face value and move on.

    What About Pat?

    I'll let you make your own decisions about Pat Robertson's "point the finger" defense. For me, it just offers a sickening counterpoint to Jerry Falwell's apology.

    What About Responding?

    Was it OK to respond with righteous indignation to the reports of their remarks on the 700 Club? In short, yes.

    In long, yes... as long as our legitimate anger at mishandling the Truth didn't bleed over into cynicism and name-calling. It's all too easy to end up in the same place, claiming to speak for God when accusing of others of being unable to speak for God. Sigh.

    What About Me?

    In light of all this, ask yourself a couple of questions:
    • Who do I need to apologize to? (Take a cue from Jerry and offer an apology without finger-pointing. Chances are you've left someone in your wake in the last 48 hours that deserves your humble plea for forgiveness.)
    • Will you let this go? Will you forgive Jerry Falwell? Granted, he's made himself the target of barbs & criticisms (some of them justly deserved). But when we place him in the category of 'Christian buffoons' and refuse to extend grace to him, we set ourselves up for a fall.
    Jesus: "For if you forgive men when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins." Matthew 6:14-15 (NIV)
    Let those roll around in your heart & mind today...

    Thanks For Reading...

    ...and thanks again to J.D. for letting me quote him and turn some of what he said into a teachable moment.

    Note (Sept. 11, 2021)... it's been twenty years - Jerry Falwell has passed away, Pat Robertson is largely irrelevant, and I'm no longer in full-time pastoral ministry. The Taliban was removed from power a few months after I wrote this - and in the last few months, once again regained power. 

    And with all that, the same issues remain. We as believers in Christ have a duty to handle the Word of God rightly... which requires that we avoid claiming Israel's promises as referring to the United States, we call out Christian Nationalism as idolatry, and we refrain from bastardizing Scriptural imagery to make political points. We should be people of truth - regardless of how it affects politicians we support, celebrities we like, or ministries we believe have done "good work". We also have a responsibility to be people who both give forgiveness... and know enough to ask for it. 

    Today, as we remember those who died - both the victims in the Towers and the heroes who died tried to save them - and those who survived with physical, emotional, and spiritual scars, we owe them a lived-out faith in Christ that changes not just what jewelry we wear or where we spend our Sunday mornings but manifests itself in the way we treat others - both those who share our faith and those who do not.

    Mark Jackson

    Friday, August 27, 2021

    Accurately Handling The Word of Truth (Part II)

    Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying, “Whom shall I send? And who will go for us?”

    And I said, “Here am I. Send me!”

    He said, “Go and tell this people: “‘Be ever hearing, but never understanding; be ever seeing, but never perceiving.’ Make the heart of this people calloused; make their ears dull and close their eyes.[a] Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts,
    and turn and be healed.”

    Isaiah 6:8-10 (NIV) 
    "Those who have served through the ages and have drawn inspiration from the Book of Isaiah, when the Lord says: “Whom shall I send? Who shall go for us?” The American military has been answering for a long time. “Here I am, Lord. Send me. Here I am, send me.”"

    President Biden- August 27, 2021 (transcript source)

    Almost exactly a year ago I wrote a post admonishing former vice-president Mike Pence over his misuse of Scripture. It seems only right that I do the same today.

    I get it. I understand rhetorical flourish and echoing classic passages of literature to evoke emotion.

    But we as followers of Christ are called to "be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth." (2 Timothy 2:15, NASB). What President Biden did yesterday is not accurately handling Scripture.

    David Cassidy (a pastor and author) summed up my feelings brilliantly last night in a Twitter thread:
    1. Isaiah 6 has profoundly impacted me & countless others with its staggering vision of God’s call & grace for the called. 

    2. I revere our military service men & women and honor their dedication & sacrifice. 

    It is dreadfully wrong to confuse those 2 forms of service. Stop it.

    Don’t turn our military into holy warriors on a mission from God. Don’t apply a prophet’s summons to serve God with a summons to serve a country - any country! Politicians & Public servants in all parties - PLEASE STOP USING SCRIPTURE AS A PROP OR TO PROP UP YOUR FOLLY.

    Tonight I mourn these losses. I mourn that more might be necessary. I mourn surrender to terrorist organizations. I mourn churches, sisters, & brothers under threat. These words from Isaiah do apply - “The nations are like a drop in a bucket, like dust on the scale.” Isaiah 40:15


    I wanted to come up with something wise and convicting to close this post with... I wanted to turn on my "pastor mojo" and finish with marching orders to my fellow followers of Christ.

    But I'm tired. So tired of watching Biblical truth being used as a prop... by both political parties.

    So, I once again leave you with this.
    Pray always. Pray in the Spirit. Pray about everything in every way you know how! And keeping all this in mind, pray on behalf of God’s people. Keep on praying feverishly, and be on the lookout until evil has been stayed.

    Ephesians 6:18 (VOICE)

    Note: the original version of this post said that David Cassidy is retired... I was wrong and he gently & kindly corrected me - so I corrected this post. 

    Friday, August 06, 2021

    Imperium Classic and Imperium Legends: A Dual Review

    It isn’t exactly writer’s block – I mean, I can still write emails, witty Tweets, and even work on other board game reviews. But whatever it was… well, is… I’m finding it darn near impossible to write coherently about Imperium: Classics and Imperium: Legends. (I have, no kidding, had a nearly blank Google Doc open on my laptop for two days – taunting me with its white expanse of nothingness.)

    It’s not the game(s), either – I’d count myself as a big fan of both boxes of this wonderful game system. I’ve certainly played it enough – two times with 3 players and nine times using the well-thought-out solo system.

    I think the problem – ok, MY problem – is that the game system is a tasty amalgam of game design ideas. It’s not New Shimmer (“New Shimmer is both a floor wax and a dessert topping!”) but it packs in the game mechanics: deckbuilding, resource management, tableau building, asymmetric factions, multiple game timers, keywords to differentiate similar actions… whew, I’m exhausted just typing all of that into the review. 

    Let me try a different way to describe the game – using theme as the anchor. Each player is leading an ancient civilization from barbarian nation to sophisticated empire, working to achieve the most Progress (victory points) in a variety of ways, often dependent on the unique structure of their civilization’s multiple card decks as well as the cards they have drafted from the market.

    How Imperium Works

    Without going into excruciating detail (which I’d be happy to do if I were teaching you the game in person, but which I find to be an interminable bore in board game reviews), here are the basic concepts that undergird this game system. 

    The Civilization

    Each player has a deck of cards that represent their civilization: leaders, accomplishments, technologies, territories, potential unrest, etc. They are (usually!) divided into the following piles for play purposes:
    • Your power card – which is your base civilization card (and will also act as the top of your stack of cards placed into your history)
      • Power cards are double-sided with different powers… you can choose either side at the start of the game and are locked in for the rest of the game.
    • Your ascension card – this is the card that marks the difference between the barbarian phase of your civilization and the empire phase.
    • Your nation deck – which sits on top of your accession card and drips a new card into your draw deck each time you need to shuffle it.
    • Your development cards – which are cards that are purchased once you’ve become an empire to add powers and scoring to your deck.
    • A state card  – which lets everyone at the table know whether you are barbarian or empire… and serves as a nifty place to hold your action & exhaustion markers.
    • Your draw deck – your initial deck of cards… plus all the other cards that come your way!
    Note: I say “usually” because certain civilizations “break” the rules – some have additional cards added to their tableau to begin the game, some don’t have an accession card or a nation deck… or even development cards.

    As well, you start the game with a little bit of the three resources in the game (marked with cardboard counters):
    • Materials 
    • Population
      • Both of these are used to power various action cards and some scoring cards
    • Progress
      • This is a fancy name for victory points – but it’s important to note that some civilizations have development cards that cost Progress

    The Market

    The center of the board contains a strip of cardboard that shows where all the cards in the common market are placed.
    • Civilized cards – which are primarily used once your civilization is an empire
    • Uncivilized cards – a rich variety of cards with powers that (mostly) work at any point in your growth
    • Regions – locations that can provide resources for your civilization as well as places to garrison (hide) cards you aren’t needing in your deck
    • The Common deck – which, in addition to the card types listed above, also include Tributaries… smaller nation states that can assist you in building up your civilization
    • Unrest – the “Curse” cards of the game system – they both clog up your deck and lower your Progress score 
      • If the market runs out of Unrest cards, the game immediately ends via Collapse… and the civilization with the fewest Unrest cards wins.
    • Fame  – a set of cards awarding great power and many Progress points – leading up to the King of Kings card
      • When the King of Kings card is activated, the end of the game is triggered.
    • There is also a place for exiled cards – and there are some civilizations and cards that get cards out of the exiled pile.

    A Player Turn

    Each turn, a player can choose one of three ways to complete their turn:
    • Activate – the most common turn type, where they take up to three action and use up to five exhaust abilities
    • Innovate – where a player discards their entire hand and then break through to obtain a civilized, uncivilized, region or tributary card 
      • Don’t worry – I’ll explain the keyword lingo (aka “break through”) in just a minute… suffice it to say that a breakthrough is the least problematic way to get a card from the market
    • Revolt – similar to Trains, where you spend a turn returning all of the Unrest cards in your hand to the Unrest pile in the market
    Following that choice, a player does their “clean up”:
    • Adding a progress point to a face-up card in the market
    • Clearing their action & exhaustion tokens
    • Discarding any number of cards
      • This is important – you don’t have to hang onto cards if doing so will keep you from getting the cards you need out of your deck.
    • Refilling their hand to five cards
      • If refilling their hand means they need to reshuffle, barbarian players add the top card of their nation deck to the discard pile and then shuffle
        • If they add their ascension card, they flip over their state card to Empire
      • Empire players can purchase any development card in their stack on a reshuffle, spending materials, population, and possibly Progress in order to put that card in their discard pile.

    Types of Cards

    In addition to the card types mentioned above, many cards have extra symbols to denote their particular role in the game:
    • Some cards are marked with Barbarian or Empire symbols, which tell you that they can only be played while your civilization is in that mode.
    • Some cards have a sword emblem, which designates them as an attack (and thus other cards can be used to block or mitigate that attack).
    • Cards with an infinity symbol can be played into your tableau (the game system calls them “pinned”) – while cards without an infinity symbol head off to your discard pile once played.
    • Some cards have victory points on them – either a specific amount or some kind of formula for obtaining points based on their location at the end of the game or other things you’ve accomplished (number of cards in your deck, amount of materials, other cards with certain symbols, etc.).


    There are a number of keywords on the cards that have to be learned (and, sometimes, re-learned)… 
    • There are two ways get Civilized, Uncivilized, Tributary, and Region cards from the market – each with its own keyword.
      • Break Through For – allows you to take cards from the market into your hand without also taking an Unrest card… and additionally enables you to flip cards from the common deck until you find the correct type of card you’re looking for
      • Acquire – allows you to take a visible card (and the Unrest card it is paired with) into your hand
    • Cards move in a variety of ways – each of which has a keyword.
      • Pinned cards can be abandoned – in other words, sent to your discard pile.
      • Pinned cards can also be recalled – in this case, they are returned to your hand.
      • Cards in the market can be exiled – unless they have a token on them (which keeps them safe from being sent to the Great Beyond).
      • Cards can be put into your history – where they no longer are a part of your draw deck but still count for scoring at the end of the game.


    After all players have had a turn, the Solstice occurs. Some pinned cards have Solstice powers and/or penalties which must be resolved before the next round of turns begin. 

    And Then It Ends

    Imperium can end in a variety of ways:
    • Once the main common deck is empty
    • When one player manages to purchase all of their development cards
    • When one player triggers the King of Kings card at the bottom of the Fame deck
    • Or some other oddball ending scenarios involving the Vikings, the Arthurians, or the Utopians
    Once the end of the game is triggered, the current round is finished and one final round of turns is played (including resolving Solstice instructions). 

    Then you count points and the player with the most wins. (Tied players share the victory – which, although I know is not everyone’s favorite way to resolve a tied game, makes complete sense in the context of the wildly asymmetric civilization decks that use resources in vastly different kinds of ways.)

    As I noted earlier, there’s another way for the game to end – with the collapse of all civilizations when the Unrest deck runs out. The game ends immediately and the player with the least number of Unrest cards wins. In case of a tie following a Collapse, a normal scoring occurs between the tied players to determine the winner.

    Last minute note: someone (way to go, hutchies!) on BGG has created a scoring app for Imperium. I haven’t used it yet, but it looks like a great way to ease some of the scoring burden of the game.

    Mark Has Thoughts…

    It’s going to take a few plays of this game to move on from concentration on your civilization to keeping an eye on the whole table… but once you reach that point, you’ll quickly find that this is not “multiplayer solitaire”. (An aside: I hate that description of most games that it is applied to – in the vast majority of instances, players just haven’t figured out what they need to pay attention to in order to thwart their opponents.) In Imperium, you’ll want to avoid actions that give “aid and comfort” to your enemies – unless, of course, they help you do something wonderful. As well, it’s important to track how opponents are doing on collecting materials and people – if they’re already awash in materials, it doesn’t hurt to give them some more. On the other hand, if they don’t have much to work with, why make it easier on them?

    One of the early mistakes we made when playing was over-fulfilling the victory point payoff of certain cards. A number of cards in the game provide Progress (aka “victory points”) based on how much you have of something – 1 vp for every 10 cards, 2 vp for each tributary, etc. The game caps the points you can get from this kind of cards at 10 victory points each – so if you’re going to receive 1 vp for every 2 materials, you don’t need to bank 30-40 materials. 

    Another early mistake is forgetting the option to Innovate – dumping a substandard hand to grab a particularly important card from the market not only gets you the card you need/want/desire as if it was the One Ring itself… but it also increase the spin of your deck, allowing you to more quickly get your higher value nation cards into play. (Note: some civilizations don’t want to advance as quickly – so, in the words of Hill Street Blues, “Be careful out there.”)

    Because of the asymmetric nature of the various civilizations and the variable nature of the market row, you cannot assume that a particular strategy (rushing the Fame deck, spinning your deck quickly, conquering regions, etc.) will work each time you play. In some cases, strategies that were brilliant with one civilization will be trying to fit a square peg into a round hole with a different civilization. (Note: this is one of the selling points of the game system to me… you cannot “auto-pilot” your way through these decks to victory.)

    The rule we missed the most often should be easy to remember – not only because it’s a simple action (at the end of your turn, put a Progress token [aka victory point] on one of the cards in the market), but because it is a way to influence your opponent’s decisions about which card to take or exile. It’s not a rulebook issue – it’s clearly stated in the rules and on the back cover of the rulebooks in the summary. I have no idea why this particular memory hole happened. (I would blame old age, but both of my sons did it as well and they are 20 and 16 years old.)

    Solo Play

    One of the things that caused me to put the Imperium boxes on my birthday list was the promise of a robust solo play system – and David Turczi (who is specifically credited on the cover of the solo play rulebook) delivered.

    Each civilization has its own AI set of tables. Five slots are set up and numbered (with provided cardboard counters).The die included in the game (only used for solo play) is rolled and that eliminates one of the slots (or doesn’t – sixes are not a friendly roll in solo play)… and then the remaining cards are revealed and dealt with in order. 

    Impressively, each AI civilization retains a good bit of its character… for example, Egypt accumulates materials in the early going, uses them to attract hordes of population, and then, if conditions are right, converts those masses into Progress. 

    In the meantime, the player civilization is running by the exact same rules as the multiplayer game – allowing you to learn the ins and outs of the various decks as well as consider different tactical and strategic decisions.

    There is also a simple way to vary the difficulty of solo play… and even a campaign mode in the solo rulebook.

    My only complaints about solo play? Putting the charts for resolving the AI behavior in the rulebook rather than providing them as large cards. Thankfully, a BGG user (props to DocZagreus!) has taken it upon themselves to fix this problem and posted files that do just that. The other issue is that the Qin charts needed to be changed – and the files I just linked to have the changes needed!  

    Those Pesky Questions Everyone Asks

    Q: How long does it take to play?

    I don’t have the greatest sample size, but both of our three player games came in at about 90 minutes… while my multiple solo plays run somewhere between 65-80 minutes.

    Q: I read on the ‘Geek that it’s not good for four players – what do you think?

    First, remember that just because somebody wrote something on BGG and someone else said “yeah, me too!” doesn’t mean that God inscribed it on stone tablets and sent it down with Gaming Moses to reveal to the rest of us. 

    Second, as I noted earlier, I haven’t played Imperium with four players. My guess, with players who don’t dither (friends don’t let friends play this kind of game with people who have AP), the playing time will end up slightly over 2 hours. I think there’s enough interesting stuff going on to warrant that, but your mileage may vary.

    Q: Really, how different are the boxes? Isn’t this just an expansion that gives you the same set of common cards?

    Actually, no. Both boxes contain eight different civilizations… and the common card pools share some similarities but have major differences:
    • The 8 Fame cards, 11 Tributaries, and 14 Regions are unique to each box.
      • OK, almost – there is literally ONE Region card that is a duplicate in resources and powers… but it has a different name & different art.
    • The Civilized decks share 10 cards – but have 5 cards that are unique to each box.
    • The Uncivilized decks share 11 cards – but have another 11 cards that are unique to each box.
    The rule books (both multiplayer and solo) are identical in each box – and cover both boxes worth of material. They also include instructions for playing civilizations from different boxes against each other… which primarily means you have to look for Tributary cards with the same name as civs in play and replace them with a random Tributary from the other box.

    Q: Do the sleeved cards fit in the organizers that came as part of the game?

    I am the wrong person to ask about sleeving cards – but I did some poking about on BGG and it looks like the original insert is not conducive to premium level sleeves. 

    Q: What’s the one add-on thingee you’d love for the Imperium system?

    Well, besides the aforementioned printed solo cards (which I’ve already taken care of) and an expansion with more civilizations (which I have no control over), I think a GeekBit set of resource tokens would be awesome. Just sayin’. 

    In Conclusion

    While I wish that there didn’t have to be errata for a game so new out of the gate, I appreciate the hard work of the designers and Osprey Games to keep up with those issues.

    And with that out of the way, I’ll go on to gush about how much I’m enjoying Imperium. I like the odd but compelling artistic design, I think the iconography makes sense once you’ve spent a little time with it, and I find the decisions challenging and interesting. I also applaud the inclusion in the rulebook of summaries and difficulty ratings for each of the decks. (I don’t care how much of a gamer you are – your first game should not be with the more difficult decks. Seriously, you have nothing to prove.)

    The Imperium game system is shaping up to be one of my top finds of 2021… I’ve reached 11 plays in just over 3 weeks, even with each play taking 60 minutes plus. I find myself wanting to jump into another game as I’ve been trying to write this review – because, as much as I enjoy writing for the Opinionated Gamers, I love playing a really good game. (Plus, I need to figure what tactical errors I made with the Greeks the last time I played… a pitiful showing.)

    Finally (in an unsolicited plug), the high quality of the solo system makes me doubly excited about the impending release of Undaunted: Reinforcements from Osprey Games! 

    This review originally appeared on the Opinionated Gamers website.